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Abstract

RESPONSE OF SYNTHETIC PYRETHROID CYPERMETHRIN (10% EC) INDUCED STRESS IN BIOCHEMICAL AND HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF INDIAN MAJOR CARP CATLA CATLA (HAMILTON, 1822)

Mohan Kannan, Padmanaban Muthusamy, Uthayakumar, Venkatachalam

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The study aimed at assessing the effects of a synthetic pyrethroid cypermethrin (10% EC) on Indian major carp (Catla catla) on the basis of the results of sub lethal toxicity tests and hematological and biochemical examinations. Methods: Experimental carp were exposed to the pesticide cybermethrin 10% EC in the concentration of 0.0006 ml/lit (24hLC50 corresponding to 0.0006 ml/lit) of cypermethrin in a 24 h sub lethal toxicity test. The results of the test and of the examinations of exposed carp were compared with the results of carp from the control group. Results: In hematological profile, the experimental group of carp showed a significant (P<0.01) increase in the number of erythrocytes, segmented neutrophil granulocytes, and a significant (P<0.01) decrease in mean erythrocyte volume, mean erythrocyte haemoglobin and lymphocyte count. As far as biochemical indices are concerned, the exposure caused a significant (P<0.01) increase in glucose, and a significant (P<0.01) decrease in total proteins in blood plasma of exposed carp compared to the control group. Conclusions: The exposure of Indian major carp to 0.0006 ml/lit of cypermethrin 10% EC caused significant shifts in hematological and biochemical profile. The cypermethrin 10% EC was classified among substances strongly toxic for fish.

Keywords: Cypermethrin (10% EC), Catla catla, Biochemical Parameters and Hematological Parameters.


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