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Abstract

MARINE ALGAE ENTEROMORPHA INTESTINALIS ACTS AS A POTENTIAL GROWTH PROMOTER IN PRAWN FEED

Kunal Mondal*, Subhra Bikash Bhattacharyya and Abhijit Mitra

ABSTRACT

A newly prepared powder from marine algae Enteromorpha intestinalis (Aqua-Naturale) has been found as a potent growth promoter in freshwater prawn. Juveniles of Macrobrachium rosenbergii were fed with Aqua-Naturale at 5% level through fishmeal based supplementary diet for a period of 240 days. The study was an attempt to observe the responses of Aqua-Naturale diet towards muscle growth pattern of the culture species as well as the probable economic returns obtained from the experiment in order to commercialize the particular product in local aquafeed market. The desired level of Aqua- Naturale administration produced animals with significantly (p<0.05) higher body weight associated with expanded muscle fibres resulting in an increased muscle mass as revealed through histological analysis. An average weight gain of 32.48% and increased fibre surface area of 9.77% was obtained with inclusion of Aqua-Naturale in the diet which may be a direct consequence of hypertrophic muscle growth pattern observed in the species. An economic analysis also speaks in favour of Aqua-Naturale that generated significantly higher (p<0.05) income and BCR value through prawn sale. The present findings thus indicate that Aqua-Naturale may be used as a cost-effective and natural growth promoter in prawn feeds for higher profitability, better growth and production.

Keywords: E. intestinalis, M. rosenbergii, Body weight, Muscle fibre, Hypertrophy, Economic analysis.


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