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Abstract

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE SOIL MYCOFLORA IN TURMERIC FIELD OF PUDUKKOTTAI DISTRICT-TAMIL NADU

*Sarathi.V., Senthil kumar.R. and Panneerselvam A.

ABSTRACT

Soil is a complex ecosystem, delimited by physico-chemical parameters that hold enormous number of living organisms. This study deals with the seasonal variations in soil fungal population of traditional turmeric field in Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu viz., Ganapathipuram, Adhanakkottai, Pudunagar, Manjapettai and Thethuvasalpatti. About 66 different species belonging toPhycomycetes, Ascomycetes and Deuteromycetes were isolated by using potato dextrose agar medium and identified by using standard manual. The predominant species were Aspergillus flavus, Pythium aphanidermatum, Penicillium chrysogenum, P.citrinumfollowed by T.viride, and T.glaucumfrom the turmeric field soils of Ganapathipura in various seasons whereas, in Adhanakkottai soils the predominant species werePythium aphanidermatum, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium solani, Penicillium citrinum, Mucor sp. and Trichoderma viride. In Pudunagarsoils the predominant species were Verticillium species, Pythiumaphanidermatum, Penicillium chrysogenum and P.lanosum, A.flavus, Mucor sp. and T.harzianum, in Manjapettai soils the dominant species wereA.niger, A.flavus, A.awamori, Pythium aphanidermatum, P.japanicum, P.citrinum and Trichoderma viride and Thethuvasalpatti soils the dominant species wereA.conicus, Pythium aphanidermatum, A.terreus followed by A.flavus, P.chrysogenum, T.harzianum, T. glaucum and Verticillium speciesrespectively. Total fungus in five station, they are 44 species belong to 15genera were identified from Ganapathipuram station, 37 species belong to 16 genera were identified from Adhanakkottai, 38 species belong to 16 genera were identified from Pudu Nagar, 38 species belong to 12 genera were identified from Manjapettai, 42 species belong to 12 genera were identified from Thethuvasal patti.

Keywords: Turmeric field, Biodiversity, Fungal population, Phycomycetes, Deuteromycetes, Moniliales.


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