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Abstract

PHYSICOCHEMICAL EVALUATION, PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND CHROMATOGRAPHIC FINGERPRINT PROFILE OF AEGLE MARMELOS (L.) LEAF EXTRACTS

*Umadevi Kumba Janarthanan, Vanitha Varadharajan, Vijayalakshmi Krishnamurthy

Department of Biochemistry, Bharathi women’s college, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

ABSTRACT

Aegle marmelos is traditional plant belonging toTamilnadu, India. Very few and sporadic works are there in the literature regarding the physicochemical evaluation of the plant. Qualitative phytochemical analysis reflects the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, saponins, quinones, glycosides, coumarins in the ethanolic leaf extract. TLC profiling of ethanolic leaf extracts gives an idea about the presence of various phytochemicals. Different Rf (Retention factor) value of various phytochemicals provide valuable clue regarding their polarity and selection of solvents for separation of phytochemicals. HPLC revealed the presence of Rutin, Quercetin, Marmesin and Ursolic acid in the ethanolic leaf extract. Researches in bioactive substances might lead to the discovery of new compounds that could be used to formulate new and most potent antimicrobial drugs to overcome the problem of resistant to the currently available antibiotics.

Keywords: Aegle marmelos, Phytochemicals, HPLC, HPTLC, Pysicochemical.


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