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Abstract

ANALYSIS OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS IN LEAF EXTRACTS OF CLEOME VISCOSA L.

*A.Rajani, E.M.Sunitha, K.Shailaja

ABSTRACT

The Present paper focused on phytochemical screening of leaf crude extracts of Cleome viscosa L. Specific tests were conducted to find out each group of the phytochemicals of various extracts of Cleome viscosa L. The leaf extracts of Cleome viscosa L was extracted separately with methanol, ethanol, acetone, petroleum ether and chloroform that were screened for their phytochemical constituents. Among all the extracts tested acetone extracts showed more phytochemicals than the others followed by methanol, ethanol, chloroform and petroleum ether. Analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, phenols, saponins, steroids, flavonoids, tannins and terpenoids. The Phytochemical studies indicate that the crude leaf extracts of Cleome viscosa L Tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids were mainly found in all the five tested solvent extracts of leaf. Phytochemicals like saponins are found only in acetone extracts

Keywords: Phytochemicals, Cleome viscosa L, solvent extracts, leaf extracts.


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