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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF Parthenium hysterophorus L. LEAF

Krishnaveni Marimuthu* and Dhanalakshmi Ravi

ABSTRACT

The phytochemical screening and its nutrients was done using standard methods. Qualitative analysis of aqueous Parthenium hysterophorus leaf extract was studied for the presence of carbohydrate, alkaloid, steroid, sterols, glycosides, tannin, phenolic compound, saponin, flavonoid, oil. Carbohydrate, protein, aminoacids were determined spectrophotometrically. The aqueous extract was studied for its fluorescence and yield. The behavior of Parthenium hysterophorus leaf powder (proceesed) was assessed for it behavior with different chemical reagents. The results showed that most of the phytochemicals were found to be present in aqueous Parthenium hysterophorus leaf extract, the percentage that has been recovered is 27.91. The nutrients such as carbohydrate, protein, aminoacid content was found to be 164.0±3.46mg/g, 4.17±0.15mg/g, 0.88±0.07mg/g. The behavior of aqueous leaf extract was found to be satisfactory showing presence for alkaloid, steroid, flavonoid, anthroquinone and protein.

Keywords: Aqueous extract, Fluoresence, Nutrients, Phytochemicals, Yield.


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