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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF BARK SKIN OF SARACA INDICA (ASHOKA) AND SHOREA ROBUSTA (SHAL)

Poonam S. Mohod, C. R. Jangde, S. D. Narnaware*, Subhash Raut

ABSTRACT

Shorea robusta (Shal) and Saraca indica (Ashoka) are important traditional Indian medicinal plants used in various ailments and rituals. The use of different parts of these plants like leaves and resins as a medicament for treatment of various inflammatory conditions is well documented in literature. However, the studies on phytochemical constituents and the medicinal properties in the bark skin of these plants are scanty. Initially the bark samples were subjected to macroscopy and microscopy under which organoleptic characters like appearance, size, shape, colour, taste, odour etc. were noted. The aqueous and alcoholic extracts of bark skin of Saraca indica and Shorea robusta were prepared and evaluated for their phytochemical analysis using different methods. The extractability of aqueous and alcoholic extract of bark skin of Saraca indica and Shorea robusta were found to be 20.26%, 18.33% and 30.17%, 24.57% respectively. Phytochemical analysis of both the extracts of Ashoka revealed the presence of tannin, essential oil, terpenoid and steroid whereas both extracts of Shal revealed the presence of tannin, resins, terpenoid, and essential oil.The analgesic properties of bark skin of Ashoka and Shal mentioned in the Ayurveda literature can be attributed to the presence of different bioactive compounds such as alkaloids and steroids as revealed by phytochemical analysis of the present study.

Keywords: Saraca indica, Shorea robusta, phytochemical analysis.


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