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Abstract

CHEILOSCOPY AND GENDER DETERMINATION - AN ORIGINAL RESEARCH

*Dr Tim Peter, Dr. Laxmikanth Chatra, Dr. Prashanth Shenai, Dr.Deepthi AnnaCherian, Dr. Tom Peter, Dr. Betsy Thomas

ABSTRACT

Cheiloscopy is a forensic investigation technique that deals with identification of humans based on lips traces. The aim of this study was to throw light on the gender determination aspect of cheiloscopy. Study group comprised of 500 individuals from Mangalore comprising of 250 males and 250 females of the age group 15-60 years. Materials used were digital camera in a photoshot stabilized tripod stand and cephalostat machine to stabilize the individual. Type 1 lip groove lines were found most common in all regions of lips in both males and females except for lower middle region where Type 1’ lip groove lines are found more common. Certain lip groove lines may be found more common in specific region of both males and females. Even though statistically highly significant values are there for certain types of lip groove lines, it is not possible to do the gender determination solely based on the lip groove lines. Cheiloscopy does promise to be a promising tool in personal identification, however its potential in gender determination in still under scrutiny.

Keywords: Cheiloscopy, Gender determination.


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