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Abstract

ASSESSMENT ON KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF FOOT CARE AMONG DIABETES PATIENTS ATTENDING MEDICAL OPD IN HIWOT FANA UNIVERSITY SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL, HARAR

Hawa Redwan, *Vijai basker G*

ABSTRACT

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) foot complications are a leading cause of mortality in developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and practice of foot care among diabetes patients attending medical OPD in Hiwot fana University specialized hospital in Harar. This study was carried out from March to May 2014. The respondents were interviewed on a pre-tested structured questionnaire after their verbal consent. The data was collected by direct face to face interview from diabetic patients attending medical OPD. The outcome variables were knowledge and practice regarding foot care. The knowledge and practice scores were classified as adequate if score ≥80%, moderately adequate if score was 51-70% and Inadequate if score was < 50%. Of 235 diabetes patients, 9% had adequate knowledge and 5 % had adequate practice of DM foot care. Majority 58% of patients with poor practice had poor knowledge of foot care. With regard to knowledge, 69% of diabetes patient should not look after their feet because wounds and infection may not heal quickly and 61% were unaware of smoking cause poor circulation affecting their feet. Poor foot practices include 76% were not keeping dry well between their toes and 72% were not checking their feet daily for any injury. Educational status and marital status were significantly associated with knowledge and practice of foot care. This study has highlighted the gaps in the knowledge and practice of foot care in DM patients and underscores the need for an educational programme to reduce of diabetic foot complication.

Keywords: DM, Diabetic foot ulcers, Diabetes.


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