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Abstract

PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BUCHNANIA LANZAN (CHIRONJI) FROM CHHATTISGARH

Chaitali Niratker*, D. Sailaja

ABSTRACT

The present study primarily aims to carry out a preliminary phytochemical screening of Buchnania lanzan so as to detect the major class of compounds present. Antimicrobial activity was carried out using sequential extracts of solvents with varying polarity; Petroleum ether, Chloroform, Methanol Ethanol and Water respectively. The phytochemical analysis had showed the presence of saponins, flavanoids, steroids, cardiac glycosides, carbohydrate, tannins and phenolics. All solvent extracts were screened for antimicrobial potential against three bacterial species (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus) two fungal species (Aspergillus Niger and Penicillium sp.) by disc diffusion method. Extract Showed maximum antibacterial activity against all organisms tested.

Keywords: Buchanania lanzan, Phytochemicals, Flavenoid, Tannin, Phenol, Antimicrobial activity.


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