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Abstract

COMPARISION OF AUDITORY AND VISUAL REACTION TIME IN NORMAL WEIGHT, OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE PARTICIPANTS

Panya Jain*, Shivani Gupta, Vinu Vij

ABSTRACT

Obesity is a global epidemic and has been found to be associated with multiple health hazards. Studies have shown that the central nervous system (CNS) may also be detrimentally affected by obesity. The present study was done to find out whether there was any alteration in reaction time in otherwise healthy overweight and obese participants. Auditory reaction time (ART) and visual reaction time (VRT) were measured in the 30 normal weight, 30 overweight and 30 obese male participants who were grouped as the control group, study group 1 and study group 2 respectively based on their BMI (Body Mass Index).We found that there is a statistically significant increase (P < 0.001) in auditory and visual reaction time in healthy overweight and obese participants as compared to the normal weight participants. This increase in reaction time was more for obese participants as compared to the overweight participants, which was also statistically significant (P < 0.001). Thus it was concluded from the present study that obesity is associated with increase in reaction time which might lead to future neurological consequences. These findings emphasize the need for weight control to reduce the risk of potential future adverse neurological outcome.

Keywords: Obesity, Body mass index, Auditory and Visual reaction time.


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