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Abstract

PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF DESICCATED FRONDS OF SELAGINELLA BRYOPTERIS (L) BAKER (PITTAKALU

P. Rupa* and N.Lakshmi Bhavani

ABSTRACT

The present work has been carried on the fern Selaginella bryopteris
(L) Baker which belongs to family Selaginellaceae. It shows high
desiccation tolerance, during summer. The fronds are folded inside and
form as fist, the desiccated plant rehydrates back with water
availability.The present study aims to screen the presence of the
various types of phytoconstituents in desiccated plant. For this study
both root and stem were extracted using methanol, ethanol and distilled
water as solvents. Specific phyto chemical screening tests for each
group were adopted to find various phytoconstituents like alkaloids,
phenols, saponins, glycosides, steroids, flavonoids, aminoacids,
terpenoids, and carbohydrates. The present study revealed the presence
of alkaloids, amino acids, tannins, glycosides, steroids, flavonoids and
carbohydrates in both root and stem extracts. But phenols, anthraquinones and saponins are
absent in both root and in stem extraction. Terpenoids are present only instemextraction (not
screened in aquacious extracts). Phytochemicals are separated effectively in methanol
solvent followed by ethanol and distilled water.

Keywords: PhytoConstituents, Selaginellabryopteris, Root and Stem.


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