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Abstract

ISOLATION AND ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY OF KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIAE FROM SPUTUM SPECIMENS OF PATIENTS OF FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRE (F.M.C), UMUAHIA, ABIA STATE, NIGERIA.

Obi, C. N*

ABSTRACT

Fifty sputum specimens collected from patients attending Federal Medical Centre (F. M. C.) Umuahia were analyzed for the presence of Klebsiella pneumoniae. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the isolates was determined using the disc diffusion method. Of the 50 specimens, only 12 (24%) produced growth. The antibiotic sensitivity test revealed that all the isolates were sensitive to Ciproflox, 9 isolates (75%) were sensitive to Gentamycin, 6 isolates (50%) were sensitive to Augmentin, 5 isolates (41%) were sensitive to Nalidic acid, 4 isolates (33.3%) were sensitive to Ampicilin, 3 isolates (25%) were sensitive to septrin while 2 isolates (16%) was sensitive to both Travid and Streptomycin. 1 isolate (8.33%) was resistant to Gentamycin and Augmentin, 2 isolates (16%) were sensitive to Nalidixic acid, Ampicillin and Septrin, and 3 of the isolates (25%) were resistant to Travid and Streptomycin. All the isolates were completely resistant to Ceporex and Reflacine. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the isolate revealed that all the isolates were sensitive to Ciproflox and completely resistant to Ceporex and Reflacine.

Keywords: Antibiotics, Klebsiella pneumonia, patients, sputum, Umuahia.


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