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Abstract

EFFECT OF INDIGENOUS ANTHELMINTIC CARICA PAPAYA AGAINST GASTROINTESTINAL NEMATODES IN CATTLE

Bhoopendra Kumar*, Y.P. Sahni, Nitesh Kumar

ABSTRACT

The anthelmintic efficacy of Carica papaya was elaborated against gastrointestinal nematode and effect on haemato-biochemical parameter in cattle. Cattle were treated with Carica papaya cold aqueous extract 500mg/kg body weight for 10 days. Haematobiochemical parameters Hb, TEC, TLC, PCV, ESR, DLC, Total serum protein, serum albumin, SGOT, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and serum glucose measured at the beginning and 10th day of post treatment. The mean egg per gram of faeces (EPG) was done on day 1st (Pre-treatment) and day 10th, 20th, 30th day of post treatment. Cattle treated with cold aqueous extract Carica papaya exhibited effect on haemato-biochemical parameters, increase in Hb, TEC, PCV, Monocytes lymphocytes, total serum protein, serum albumin and serum glucose however, TLC, ESR eosinophils, SGOT and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was significantly decreased. Cold aqueous extract Butea frondosa exhibited a gradual decrease in EPG of parasites; Trichostrongyles, Toxocara, Oesophagostomum and Trichuris spp. on day 10, 20 and 30 post treatments. The maximum anthelmintic efficacy was found against Trichuris spp. 94.4 percent on post day of treatment. The anthelmintic efficacy against Oesophagostomum spp., Trichostrongylus spp and Toxocara spp. was exhibits 86.8, 86.7 and 79.8 percent respectively. It can be concluded that cold aqueous extract of Carica papaya showed good anthelmintic efficacy so that it can be used as an alternate anthelmintic and will be cost effective.

Keywords: Anthelmintic, Carica papaya.


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