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Abstract

AN INVESTIGATION OF GROWTH AND YIELD OF HELIANTHUS ANNUUS ON DIESEL CONTAMINATED SOIL AND BIOREMEDIATED DIESEL CONTAMINATED SOIL

K. Sathees Kumar, b, Rajeshwari Sivaraj* and A. Radhakrishna

ABSTRACT

In this work, we investigated the effect of diesel contaminated soil and
bioremediated diesel contaminated soil on the growth and yield of
Helianthus annuus L. The diesel contaminated soil was amended
separately with different ratio of poultry droppings (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2kg).
Results show that diesel contamination in soil significantly affected the
physical and chemical properties of soil and also retarded the growth
of sunflower. Poultry manure amended with diesel contaminated soil
was able to remedy the effect of the diesel pollution and enhance the
growth and yield of sunflower. The remediation depends on the
amount of poultry droppings used and maximum growth constraints
were seen in 2kg of poultry waste amended with diesel contaminated
soil. This work has revealed that soil contaminated by diesel may
possibly contain adverse effects on growth and yield of sunflower, but this can be remediated
by addition of natural nutrients particularly poultry waste which acts as a bioremediator and
enhances the soil fertility. It has been suggested that bio remediated (poultry manure) diesel
contaminated soil is suitable for crop cultivation.

Keywords: Bioremediation, Diesel oil, Poultry droppings amendments and Sunflower.


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