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Abstract

INCIDENCE AND ASSESSMENT OF ANTIDOTES IN ORGANO PHOSPHATE POISONING AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, SOUTH INDIA

Daghari Zakieh Jasem*, Nikitha1, Rajeswari Ramaswamy, Arpan Dutta Roy, Dr. Anjani M. Reddy

ABSTRACT

The Purpose of the study was to find out the incidence of OP (Organo Phosphate) poisoning cases in the ED (Emergency Department), and to assess the antidotes. A prospective-observational study on OP poisoning cases was done in the Emergency Department (ED) for the period of 6 months. All the OP poisoning cases were included in the study. The patient informed consent was taken, and data were collected by using standard Case Report Forms. The incidence of OP poisoning admission was found to be 1% in the ED in the study period .Of the 90 poisoning cases evaluated, the majority (50%) of the victims fell under the age group between 16 to 25 years old. The majority of the victims are recently married and living in joint family. The reasons for poisoning in 67% cases are intentional, due to quarrel and financial crisis. Most of the cases (99%), the source of poison is toilet and insecticide store room at residence. The incidence of suicidal attempt is more in female victims than male. The antidote was prescribed in 25 patients (28%). The selection of appropriate antidote was done in 10 cases.

Keywords: Organophosphorus, OP poisoning, Severity, Antidote.


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