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Abstract

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON OPTIMIZATION OF ALKALI-BASE CATALYZED TRANSESTERIFICATION OF JATROPHA CURCAS SEED OIL

Rashmi Arnold*

ABSTRACT

To exceed the rising energy demand and reducing petroleum reserves,
fuels such as biodiesel and bioethanol are in the forefront of the
alternative techniques because current oil and gas reserves would
suffice to lost only a few more decades. Biodiesel production is a very
modern and technological area for researchers due to the relevance that
it is winning everyday because of increase in the petroleum price and
the environmental advantages. Alkali base catalyzed transesterification
being the most commonly used method of Biodiesel production. It was
observed that the yield of alkali base catalyzed transesterification of
Jatropha curcas oil. Fatty acid methyl esters obtained by
transesterification of Jatropha curcas seed oil gave performance and emissions
characteristics close to that of Petrodiesel. Transesterification is a process, which brings about
a change in the molecular structure of the vegetable oil molecules, thus bringing down the
levels of the viscosity and unsaturation of vegetable oils. The viscosity of the oils gets
drastically reduced after transesterification. This research deals with the optimization of
protocol for Alkali-Based transesterification of Jatropha seed oil to form Fatty acid methyl
esters.

Keywords: Jatropha curcas seed oil, fatty acid methyl esters, biodiesel, petro diesel etc.


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