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Abstract

EVALUATION OF THE NEW SMEAR POSITIVE PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS WITH TREATMENT FAILURE, RELAPSE AND MULTI-DRUG-RESISTANT IN PATIENTS UNDER COVER OF AHVAZ EAST HEALTH CENTRE: 2009 -2013.

Sharifi M, Nazari Harmooshi N, and Karami K*

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Tuberculosis (TB) remains as a major
global health issue. It causes ill-health among millions people
annually. Based on WHO reports about 9 million new cases of TB and
about 1.5 million deaths are occurred each year. TB now is counted as
a reemerging disease among infectious diseases. Despite the great
efforts for control of TB, new cases, drug resistance, treatment failure
and relapse are increased in recent years. In this research we studied
smear positive, failure and relapse of TB in five years. Methods: This
is a descriptive cross- sectional study which has recorded on 990 TB
patients those has referred to Ahvaz East Centers, during 2008-2013.
Results: This study has shown that the new TB cases along studied
years are increased. The pulmonary rate was varied from 73% to
84.5%. Smear positive rates of them were 58% to 76%. The clinical
recovery was from 81 to 87% and relapse from 8 to 11%. Treatment
failure was varied from 0 - 4%. Conclusion: The overall results of this study show that
clinical improvement, control of previous TB patients and new cases were not satisfied. The
treatment failure and relapse were more than the expected rates. It is necessary to control TB
as an emerging disease based on global goals of World Health Organization.

Keywords: "Tuberculosis", "Infectious disease" Smears positive".


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