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Dr. Muhammad Baqir MR Fakhrildin
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Abstract

“PROFILE OF DRUG UTILISATION IN ACUTE BRONCHIAL ASTHMA IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL”

Dr. Basavaraj Bhandare, Dr. Naveen Poojar C M* and Dr. Satyanarayana V

ABSTRACT

Background: Bronchial Asthma is a serious global health problem. A wide range of different classes of medications including Bronchodilators and Anti-inflammatory drugs are now available for the treatment of Asthma. Objectives: Prospective, drug utilization study done at Rajarajeswari Medical college and Hospital to evaluate the pattern of drugs used in acute bronchial asthma and their rationality and to identify any immediate adverse drug reactions, related to drugs administered. Methods: Prospective, observational study was conducted for 5 months including 300 patients in Casualty, Department of General Medicine IPD and OPD at Rajarajeswari Medical college and Hospital. Results: Corticosteriods are the most commonly used drugs where Hydrocortisone was prescribed in 81% of the patients followed by Theophylline(78%) and Salbutamol(72%). Most of the patients (59%) got both Inhalational and Intravenous treatment. Conclusion: This study revealed the extensive use of Steriods, β2-agonists and Xanthines as the drug of choice for acute bronchial asthma. Xanthines could have avoided due to there adverse effects and instead could have been used newer Antiasthmatics.

Keywords: Background: Bronchial Asthma is a serious global health problem. A wide range of different classes of medications including Bronchodilators and Anti-inflammatory drugs are now available for the treatment of Asthma. Objectives: Prospective, drug utilizatio


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