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Abstract

GCMS EVALUATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM THE SEEDS OF SPERMACOCE HISPIDA LINN

R. Dhevi* and V. Elango

ABSTRACT

Spermacoce hispida is one of the vital plants belonging to the family of Rubiaceae and widely used in Siddha system of medicine. The plant has been widely studied for its phytochemical composition and a large number of active ingredients. The present study is focused on the chemical characterization of seeds of Spermacoce hispida by GCMS analysis. The bio active compounds of the seed extract such as compound name, respective retention time, structure and molecular weight of different compounds were identified by GC-MS. The GCMS chromatogram of the methanolic extract of the seeds of Spermacoce hispida has twenty five peaks. It reveals that 9, 12- Octadecadienoic acid, ethyl ester (35.58%) was the major component followed by 9, 12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z, Z)-, 2-hydroxy-1- (hydroxymethyl)ethyl ester(25.95)%. It also shows small amount of α-Tocopherol. This study reveals that seeds of Spermacoce hispida are a rich source of fatty acids as well as effective natural antioxidants.

Keywords: Spermacoce hispida, GC-MS, antioxidant, fatty acid.


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