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Abstract

THE CONSEQUENCES OF ANULOMA-VILOMA PRANAYAAM ON SELECTED CARDIO-RESPIRATORY FUNCTION IN VOCATIONAL STRESS PATIENTS

Dr.Vijay Kumar*, Dr.Pandey Nitin, Dr Mishra Dhruv and Dr Singh Rajeev

ABSTRACT

Vocational stress may be defined as a "mechanism whereby the human body attempts to adapt to the environment." The body has a normal mechanism for dealing with stressful situations that is known as the "fight or flight" response. As soon as the brain senses danger, it sends messages (electrical, chemical, hormonal) that stimulate the extra energy needed to fight the danger or run away from it. The stress cycle always includes the danger stimulus, the removal of the danger, and a state of relaxation. There are a number of working conditions that we encounter on a daily basis which contribute to making work stressful. These working conditions are called "stressors" and consist of those things which have a negative effect on a worker's physical or emotional well-being. Vocational stress is not an objective phenomenon. It is predominantly subjective in nature, and involves the employee’s active interpretation of his or her objective circumstances. As a non-pharmaco therapeutic and safe modality, Yoga can be used as an effective lifestyle adjunct to medical treatment to reduce drug dosage and improve quality of life of the patients. It is to be emphasized that yoga is very effective for prevention as well as management of all-pervading stress and stress-related disorders. Modern medicine is very effective in controlling infections, performing surgeries and managing diseases. However, it has limited role in stress-based, chronic degenerative, old age and lifestyle related disorders which are the bane of modern society. Yoga has been found to be very effective in these conditions. Therefore, present study was conducted to assess selected cardio-respiratory function to one month Anuloma-Viloma pranayaam of persons who underwent work related psychological stressors. Twelve male subjects between 20 to 45 years, who had no history of other major illnesses, were selected for the study. At the initial visit, a detailed medical history and symptomatic evaluation was done. This group had a higher rate of respiration and irregular breath pattern, increased heart rate and slightly elevated blood pressure with symptoms of stress and anxiety. The heart rate, respiratory rate and pattern, blood pressure were recorded. Parameters were assessed at the beginning and end of the month. These patients showed a significant decrease of heart rate, respiratory rate, diastolic blood pressure, and highly significant in increasing baseline breathing holding time. There were significantly reducing various stress symptoms observed after the therapy. These results suggest that the selected breathing technique (Anuloma-Viloma) have a marked stimulating effect on parasympathetic nerve system or relaxing effect on sympathetic nervous system.

Keywords: Anuloma-: Viloma, Stressor, Vocational stress, Yoga.


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