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Abstract

EFFECT OF SELF-CARE BEHAVIORS EDUCATION ON HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN AHWAZ; BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL

Behzad Jahani, Ghodratollah Shakerinejad*, Khoda Bakh Karami, Mohammad Hossain Haghighizadeh

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a leading cause of death in the world, which imposes heavy costs on the economy of global health annually. The present study aimed to analyze the effect of health belief model constructs messages based on self-care behaviors in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an interventional study with case and control group conducted on 110 hypertensive patients who lived in rural areas in Ahwaz in 2014. Data collection tools included demographic information checklist and health belief constructs and self-care behaviors questionnaires. Educational content was confirmed based on pre-test results. Posttest was performed after two months. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS version 16 with descriptive and analytical tests as t-test and chi-square. RESULTS: The data analysis showed that mean scores of awareness, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers, manual, self-efficacy and preventive behaviors before and after the intervention were significantly different. In other words, education effectively enhanced mean scores of the variables (P-value<0.001). CONCLUSION: The present study examined the effect of education on self-care behaviors and model constructs among the patients. Therefore, awareness and self-efficacy should be increased and self-care behaviors should be encouraged through training sessions and correct planning in order to reduce hypertension.

Keywords: Health Belief Model, self-care, Hypertension.


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