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Abstract

“IMMINENT INTRIGUING ACQUIRED POTENTIAL BIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF MARINE SEA WEEDS: A REVIEW”

S. Sujatha*, Rajasree S.R, Sowmya J. D and Micheal Donatus

ABSTRACT

Marine environment is an exceptional reservoir of biologically active natural products, many of which exhibits structural features not been found in terrestrial natural products. Marine algae or seaweed, the most accessible marine resource of the coastal zone occupy potentially important place as a source of biomedical components. The common major compounds like proteins, carbohydrates, steroids, glycosides can be extracted using polar solvents such as Methanol, Ethyl acetate and Chloroform during Phytochemical process. These results were compared with the recently reported qualitative phytochemical tests which were used to detect the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, glycosides and phenols from the seaweeds. Marine genus synthesizes active constituents which are used in traditional and complementary medicine. Different varieties of marine algae were reported to contain active ingredients that can cure diseases. Nowadays, higher percentage of population prefers to use remedies of natural origin for curing illness as these claimed to produce less side effects. Seaweeds are considered as a source of bioactive compounds as they are able to produce a great variety of secondary metabolites characterized by a broad spectrum of biological activities. Biostimulant properties of seaweeds are explored for use in agriculture and the antimicrobial activities for the development of novel antibiotics. Seaweeds have some valuable medicinal components such as antibiotics, laxatives, anticoagulants, anti-ulcer products and suspending agents in radiological preparations. Fresh and dry seaweeds are extensively consumed by people especially living in the coastal areas. From the literature, it is observed that the edible seaweeds contain a significant amount of the proteins, vitamins and minerals, which are essential nutrition for human. The present review was highlighted various biological activity and biomedical potential and its bioactive substances especially brown and green marine sea weeds.

Keywords: Marine seaweed, Biopotential activity, Secondary metabolites, Edible seaweeds


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