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Abstract

BUAHINIA RACEMOSA (KACHNAR): A REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Tripti Sahu* and Jyoti Sahu

ABSTRACT

An herbal medicine is crude drugs obtained from vegetable or plant which are the origin of herbal drugs utilized for the treatment of disease states, often of a chronic nature or to attain or maintain a condition of improved health. When conventional medicine fails to treat chronic disease efficaciously and without adverse event, many people seek unconventional therapies including herbal medicine. This article contains brief review of medicinal properties of plant Buahinia racemosa family Caesalpineaceae is which an important herb of tropical India in Ayurvedic system of medicine. B. racemosa contains several important Phytoconstituents which synthesizes primary and secondary metabolites which have medicinal value such as flavones (flavonoids), Phenathraquinon (glycoside), phenolic compound, triterpene, carbohydrates, and non reducing carbohydrate. Some of the constituents are accounted for some pharmacological activities of the herb. The plant exhibits various pharmacological activities such as antidiabetic, Chemo protective antitumor, Hepatoprotectivity, antinociceptive, antiinflammatory, antimutogenicity, anticancer, antioxidant, antihyperlipidemic etc. Many species are widely planted in the tropics as orchid trees, particularly in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and south-eastern China. Other common names include mountain ebony and Kachnar (India and Pakistan). In the United States of America, the trees grow in Hawaii, coastal California, Texas, Louisiana, and Florida.

Keywords: Buahinia racemosa, Phytoconstituents, Pharmacological activity.


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