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Abstract

EVALUATION OF AWARENESS OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF NURSING STUDENTS ON MONITORING AND REPORTING OF ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL.

Deepa Patil*, Raghuprasada Malladar Shivamurthy, Geetha S ,
Umakant N Patil

ABSTRACT

Background: Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) are one of major drug related problems associated with pharmacotherapy and important public health problem imposing economic burden on the society and health care systems and one of the causes of hospitalization varying between 5-13%. Spontaneous and voluntary reporting system is one of the basic methods for post-marketing surveillance and is most effective method of acquiring ADR information especially new and serious ADRs. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices regarding ADR reporting has not been studied extensively in India and more so among nurses. Objectives: To assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of nursing students on monitoring and reporting of adverse drug reactions in a tertiary care hospital. Methodology: This questionnaire based study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital on 85 Prefinal and final year nursing students. The study instrument was a pre designed questionnaire which included the Knowledge of the ADRs reporting, the attitudes towards the reporting, and the factors which could hinder the reporting. The students were given an educative and interactive session for clearance of their understanding about Pharmacovigilance. The post-session questionnaire was also completed to assess their understanding. Results: A total of 85 students participated. The median knowledge, attitude scores before the intervention were 42.5%, 46.6% respectively. After the intervention the scores increased significantly to 89.4%, 98.8% respectively. Conclusion: The intervention was effective in improving the nursing student’s knowledge, attitude towards ADRs & Pharmacovigilance. Further such studies will help in voluntary reporting of adverse drug reactions which can enhance the of Pharmacovagilance program in India.

Keywords: Adverse Drug Reactions, Pharmacovigilance, Questionnaire, Knowledge Attitude and Practices, Nursing students.


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