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*Dr. Bhan Pratap Yadaw


Ancient works in the field of Rachana Sharir had presented by Acharya Susruta, Charaka, & other Acharyas as the documentation of profound scientific study. Ayurvedic Acharyas has used an anatomical term Dhamani, which is one of the controversial terms (structure), used to represents tubular structure and it is one of the synonyms of Srotas. Modern science describes blood vessels of three types' viz-artery, vein & capillaries. The other two important channels for the maintenance of the body are lymphatic & nerves. The relevant terms in Ayurvedic language are Sira, Dhamani and Srotas and in these three terms the modern five structures namely artery, vein, capillary, lymphatic and nerve are incorporated. Cardiovascular System is an important life supporting and nourishing system of the human body. The term Hridaya, Siras and Dhamanis are as old as Vedas. They have been generally used in the sense of Ayurvedic cardiovascular system. In general, Siras and Dhamanis mean blood vessels and Hridaya is pumping organ. On the basis of interpretation of commentators Dhamani is a channel connected to the heart which is thick walled, whereas Sira is a thin walled blood vessel. Sira and Dhamani both are related to heart, but their relations are different. In relation to Dhamani, Hridaya is Ashraya (abode). Ashraya is those structures which provide base, nutrition and protection to their Ashrayi (shelters). Heart is place of Ojus, so Dhamani which carry Ojus are called as Ojovaha Dhamani. Heart is also place of Prana, so Dhamani are also Pranavaha.

Keywords: Ayurveda, Dhamani, Adhogami, nerve, artery.

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