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Abstract

ESTIMATION OF ANTIOXIDANTS FROM DIET AND SUPPLEMENTARY DIET

Mrunalini Kanvinde* and Rithika Dante

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Antioxidant is a group of chemical compound that can deactivate free radical. Diets high in vegetables and fruits, which are good sources of antioxidants, have been found to be healthy. Vegetables and fruits are rich sources of antioxidants. People who eat more vegetables and fruits have lower risks of several diseases. So now-a-days it is essential to know about antioxidants. Thus the objective of the study was to determine the cellular antioxidant activity, total phenolic contents, fruits and vegetables commonly consumed in India. Methods & Materials: Data collected consisting of 100 subjects, was done at Nanded through 24 hour dietary recall and questionnaire on dietary supplement used and by taking into consideration there socioeconomic condition and lifestyle. t- tests and ANOVA were used for doing statistical analysis. Parameters used were age, sex, height, weight. Study was done on the diet to check what they eat. This study included vitamin C, vitamin E, and carotene intakes from diet and dietary supplements to estimate the individual and total antioxidant intakes. Result: Energyadjusted dietary antioxidant intake increased with age (P < 0.001), income (P< 0.01), and exercise level (P< 0.05. Energy-adjusted dietary antioxidant intake was also higher in women than in men (P < 0.001). After adjusting for gender, age, ethnicity, BMI, current smoking, and exercise level, fruit and fruit juice consumption was positively associated with dietary and total intake of vitamin C, carotenes, vitamin E, and selenium (P < 0.05). Vegetable and vegetable product consumption was positively associated with dietary and total intakes of all individual antioxidants (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Thus it was concluded that energy-adjusted dietary antioxidant intake is more in males than in females. Are mostly present in fruits and vegetables and are essential to health, which contains antioxidants in the form of Vit.A, Vit. C etc.

Keywords: Antioxidant, diet and dietary supplements, vegetables and fruits.


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