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Abstract

QUALITATIVE EVALUATION OF MARKET SAMPLES OF UNRIPENED FRUIT OF BILWA (AEGLE MARMELOS CORR.) BY THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY

*Vd. Rajendra H.M., Dr. Meenal Dipak Lad1.

*Assistant Professor, Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Ayurveda College, Nazarathpet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
1Professor, Dept. of Dravyaguna, College of Ayurved & Research Center, Nigadi, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

ABSTRACT

In present era, even with the advancements in the modern medicine and discovery of effective drugs of synthetic origin in the recent past, the indigenous, traditional medicines still remain alive as precious cultural heritage in different societies of the world. These continue to cater in a significant matter to the medicinal needs of the third world countries which are inhabited by about 80 percent world’s population. However, there are a lot of concerns about the traditional medicine in areas of quality, safety and efficacy. Hence, Standardization is the key to overcome these problems and to assure quality, safety and efficacy of medicinal drugs. Thin Layer Chromatography comes with priority in ensuring proper quality of plant materials; by its separation technique is very useful in quality evaluation of single drug and compound drug preparations. In the present study, freshly collected unripened Bilwa fruits were selected and Thin Layer Chromatography was performed to obtain Rf values which were considered as standards which denotes the quality and purity of the drug. Market test samples of unripened Bilwa fruits were procured and Thin Layer Chromatography was performed to separate the compound mixture and to evaluate the quality by comparing the Rf values with that of genuine one. The study showed that Rf values of market test samples are similar to that of Standard sample, thus indicating that market samples of unripened Bilwa fruits are of genuine one.

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