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Abstract

SALVIA SPLENDENS ROEM EX SCHULT: A REVIEW OF PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES

Sailesh Narayan* and Abhilasha Mittal

ABSTRACT

Salvia splendens Linn. (Family: Lamiaceae), commonly known „Red sage‟ or „Scarlet sage‟, has been used in different traditional system of medicines for various ailments since ancient times. Salvia splendens grows throughout in Brazil and in many other Asian countries such as India and China etc. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review on the phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of Salvia splendens. In traditional medicine, it has been used in the treatment of Dressing of wounds and also applied to itchy skin by the leaves of the Plant, roots are mainly used for cold and cough, and seeds are mainly used for Emetic, Dysentry, Haemorroids and Colic disorders. It also used for the treatment of diabetes, hematemesis, leucoderma, pruritis, intestinal disorder and as antipyretics, analgesic and laxative. The fruits, stem Roots, and leaves of this plant contain a variety of biologically active compounds such as anthraquinones, flavonoids, flavon-3-ol derivatives, alkaloid, glycosides, tannin, saponin, terpenoids, reducing sugar and steroids those have various medicinal properties. The leaves Stem and Roots extract shows various activities like antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, hepato-protective, antimicrobial, antitumor, antiulcer etc.

Keywords: Salvia splendens, Cough and cold, Dysentry, Antidiabetic, Antioxidant, Antitumor, Hepatoprotective, Flavonoids etc.


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