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Abstract

EVALUATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND PHARMACOGNOSTICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF PISONIA GRANDIS R. Br.

Palanisamy.P*, R.Margret Chandira, B.S.Venkateswarlu, B.Jaykar, A.Pasupathi, N. K. K. Sreedharan, J.Gomathi

ABSTRACT

Pisonia grandis (Nyctaginaceae) is an evergreen tree, 9-12m height and widely distributed throughout india. The leaves of plant used in treatment of hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, fever and ulcer. The present study was carried out to investigate morphological, microscopical, physicochemical and phytochemical screening of leaves of pisonia grandis. Morphological studies of leaves showed the presence of various diagnostic characters. The preliminary phytochemical screening of alcoholic extract showed positive results for alkaloids, phenolic compounds, tannins, proteins , aminoacids and flavonoids . Morphological studies of leaves showed the presences of various diagnostic charaters. The present studes pharmacognosy and phytochemical evaluation of pisonia grandis. In the microscopical studies leaves showed the abaxial epidermis, abaxial side, adaxial epidermis, adaxial side, lamina phloemxylem,parenchymatous ground tissue, stomata raphide. The result of the study could be useful for identification and preparation of monograph of the plant.

Keywords: Pisonia grandis, Phytochemical analysis, microscopy.


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