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Abstract

“EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF CME PROGRAMME ON KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PHARMACOVIGILANCE AND ADR REPORTING AMONG THE NURSING PROFESSIONALS IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN EASTERN INDIA”

Basu Jhilli*, Pal Ayan, Nath Sarmila, Duttachowdhury Piyali, Chattopadhyay Rabindranath

ABSTRACT

Background: Due to paucity of evidence on awareness of Pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting among nurses from India, we decided to undertake this research to fill this vacuum. Objectives: Our primary objective was to assess their knowledge, attitude and practice about Pharmacovigilance & ADR and secondary aim was to uplift their potential for providing safe patient care through a continuing medical education (CME) programme (held on 26.2.2015). Methodology: We conducted a cross sectional questionnaire based study involving the nursing professionals working in MGMMC & LSK Hospital, Kishanganj. The numbers of correct responses before and after CME were compared by proportional z-test (P< 0.05). Results: From 65 nurses 16.92% have heard the term Pharmacovigilance, 1.54% nurses had little knowledge about Pharmacovigilance but none were aware about National Pharmacovigilance programme of India. 30.77% knew full form of ADR, 64.62% reported that they get information on ADRs from internet. Not a single participant had seen or filled up ADR form. In attitude we saw that lectures on Pharmacovigilance and ADR were not included in their curriculum. In practice 30.77% participants have ever experienced an ADR but no one reported formally. They have no free access to ADR form. While evaluating CME effectiveness, we noticed that there were significant improvements in all three areas. Conclusion: Though time was a constraint to this study, yet it was one of our genuine initiatives towards implementation of Pharmacovigilance activities for the first time in this population.

Keywords: CME, Pharmacovigilance awareness, ADR reporting Training.


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