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Bidhan Mahajon*, Deepak M, A.B.Rema Shree, Remadevi R


Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. (Family: Fabaceae) commonly known as Sthiraa in Sanskrit, is an important medicinal plants of Ayurveda. Root of this plant is one of the main ingredients of many Ayurvedic formulations used in various disorders mentioned in classical texts. The widespread uses of this important medicinal plant by different pharmaceutical industries along with the current appraisal of attention in herbal medicine have led to an ever-increasing demand for this species. Because of this reason, to face the huge demand, the market samples of this plant contain whole plant instead of root alone. Presently the various pharmaceutical companies use the whole plant instead of root. Hence this becomes a contradictory issue to what Acharyas have advised. The situation become even more adverse as there is no detailed comparative data available on different useful parts. On this background present study was undertaken to compare the phytoconstituents of root, shoot and whole plant of Sthiraa through HPTLC analysis. Study showed the root sample contains more number of phytoconstituents which supports the scientific logic of ancient Acharyas for advising the root as useful part of Sthiraa. Other two samples shoot and whole plant part contains equal quantity of phytoconstituents. Study suggests for further analysis on utilising the shoot part instead of uprooting whole plant which may prevent the complete destruction of this important plant.

Keywords: Sthiraa, root, shoot, whole plant comparative HPTLC.

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