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Abstract

EVALUATION OF TOTAL PROTEIN, ALBUMIN AND GLOBULIN CONCENTRATIONS IN FUEL PUMP ATTENDANTS IN PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS, NIGERIA

*Kalio, Ibiene Sarah, George, Daye Mandy C. and Eddeh-Adjugah, Oroma G.

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to determine Total protein, Albumin and Globulin concentrations in fuel pump attendants exposed to petroleum pollutant in Port Harcourt metropolis Rivers State, Nigeria. A total of 44 subjects consisting of 22 fuel pump attendants and 22 control subjects were recruited. 5mL of blood was collected from ante cubita vein of subjects for analysis. Bromocresol Green method was used to determine albumin concentration while biuret method was used to determine total protein concentrations. The result showed that mean+ standard deviation for Total protein was 60.19 + 8.16g/l, Albumin 35.30+ 3.30g/l and Globulin was 24.89 + 4.86g/l in fuel pump attendants exposed to petroleum pollutant while in the control, the values are Total protein 73.32 + 1.41g/l, Albumin 44.17 + 0.23g/l and Globulin 29.15 + 1.18g/l respectively. All parameters were significantly lower in fuel pump attendants than in control. Thus, revealed that exposure to petroleum pollutant is associated with decreased Total protein, Albumin and Globulin. Statistical analysis also confirmed this significance decrease of Total protein (P<0.05) and Globulin (p<0.05) in pump attendants than in control. This implies that exposure to petroleum pollutants have adverse effect on Total protein of those who work in petroleum stations. Hence, raising the need for public awareness about the health hazard, in order to enable petroleum attendants to take necessary precautionary measures.

Keywords: Fuel pump attenants, Occupational exposure, Petroleum polluants, Total protein.


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