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Kalyan Kr Sarkar and Tamal Mandal*


Pharmaceutical (drugs) is a chemical used for prevention and treatment of human health and vet animal health. Pharmaceutical formulation is the preparation of various dosage forms such as tablets, capsules, liquids, parenteral, and creams and ointments etc. The pharmaceutical industry in India is the world's third-largest in terms of volume. The Indian pharmaceutical industry holds a market share of $14 billion in the United States. But the environmental impact of pharmaceuticals is largely speculative. Most pharmaceutical industry are manufacturing highly potent drug like cephalosporin, beta blocker agent, proton pump inhibitors, antibiotics, antidotes, contraceptive etc. which are the essentials medicine for human beings but may impact the aquatic environment that means the aquatic living beings. Waste discharged through pharmaceutical industries can contaminate water resources in the surrounding environment. As beside pharmaceutical chemicals in waterways have potentiality for effects on wildlife (Palace et al., 2002).Some pharmaceutical chemicals pass through the treatment plant in the drug manufacturing industry which are altered or unaltered and can enter rivers, lakes, living organisms, and groundwater. Pharmaceutical chemicals remain in the treatment plant‘s sludge, which is also having chance to enter in agricultural land as a fertilizer (Daughton and Ternes et al., 1999). This review outlines not only some of the problems encountered in assessing the risk from pharmaceutical which might enter the water cycle from human metabolic routes and industrial sources ,also the developed advance oxidation process which can be a alternate process of treatment beside to traditional.

Keywords: Pharmaceuticals in environment; Waste water treatment; Advance oxidation process.

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