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Abstract

ROLE OF PATHYAPATHYA AND YOGIC PRACTICES IN MANAGEMENT OF TAMAKA SHWASA (BRONCHIAL ASTHMA)

*Dr. Fahmida Jafar Rizvi, **Prof. N. P. Rai, ***Dr. Mangalagowri.V.Rao

ABSTRACT

Shwasa is a disease which severely afflicts the Prana the essence of life. All the five types of Shwasa are dreadful including Tamaka Shwasa, because Ambara Piyusha or Pranashakti required for the optimum functioning of the body does not reach up to the needy parts. Asthma is also a frightening condition, which can seriously impede one’s ability to breathe, and suddenly rob the individual from the most important nutrient - oxygen. Asthmatics have real trouble even taking a single breath. Hence Tamaka Shwasa is correlated with Bronchial asthma. The incidence of Bronchial Asthma is on an increasing trend. In 2009, 300 million people worldwide were affected by asthma leading to approximately 250,000 deaths per year. It is estimated that asthma has 7-10% prevalence worldwide. In the light of the principles of Pathya - Apathya and yogic practices the present study has been designed. It is a short step to re-establish the facts given in classics regarding Pathya - Apathya and Yogic practices on the basis of scientific parameters. About 60 Shwasa patients were registered from Swasthya Rakshana OPD and Kayachikitsa OPD, Sir Sunderlal Hospital, B.H.U., Varanasi and randomly allocated in three groups. Further the patients were administered Mudgadi Yusha and regular practice of set of Asanas, Pranayama and Shatkarma suitable for Tamaka Shwasa. The patients were assessed on the basis of subjective parameters, alleviation of symptoms, blood tests and Spirometry. On comparison in all the three groups significant results were found with respect to objective parameters and most of the subjective parameters. Among three groups, Group B treated with Yogic practices and Pathya-Apathya was most effective showing the additional effect of Yoga and Pathya apathya. The treatment is non-pharmacological, cost effective and devoid of side effects, so it can be applied in the community.

Keywords: Tamaka Shwasa, Mudga Yusha, Yogic practices, Pathya-Apathya.


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