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Abstract

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE REGARDING LIFESTYLE MODIFICATION IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS

Sanjiv Bhatia, B. S. Khanka, Dheeraj Singh, Pratap Shankar*, Preet Lakhani, Sachin Tutu, Amod Kumar, R. K. Dixit

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing in prevalence worldwide, reaching the status of an epidemic. International diabetes federation's report described that 382 million had diabetes in the year 2013 and it was estimated to reach 592 million in the year 2035. Patients with diabetes have an increased risk of developing complications. This can be significantly decreased by proper knowledge, attitude and practicing lifestyle modifications. Aim and objectives: To determine Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding lifestyle modification in type 2 diabetic patients. Material and methods: The study design is cross- sectional and observational. 200 confirmed cases of type II DM visiting diabetic clinic of tertiary care hospital of luck now city were enrolled in the study. Data was analysed using preformed questionnaire. Result: About 86.0 % of the participants had poor knowledge regarding the benefits of exercise and weight loss; 70.5% had poor knowledge regarding a healthy diet and 93.5 % had poor global knowledge regarding the value of exercise, weight loss and a healthy diet. 91.0 % of the participants reported that they did not exercise regularly. Conclusion: The knowledge and practice levels of lifestyle modifications amongst type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending tertiary care hospital in Lucknow were generally poor. To have a better control of disease and its related complications we need develop better plans. Patients must be encouraged to practice a healty lifestyle

Keywords: Type II diabetes mellitus, lifestyle modification, exercise, diet, complication, knowledge, practice.


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