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Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ABOUT TUBERCULOSIS AND ITS TREATMENT IN INDIA

Desh Deepak*, D. C. Khare, Pratap Shankar, Dheeraj Singh, Preet Lakhani, Sachin Tutu, Amod Sachan, R. K. Dixit

ABSTRACT

Background: India is ranked first among the high-burden countries of TB and contributed 24% of the estimated global incident TB cases and about 20% of global TB-related deaths in 2013. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of patients toward TB is very important for planning public health programs, problem identification, and planning intervention based on the findings. Aims & Objectives: To study the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding tuberculosis and its management in India. Material and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among suspected and confirmed TB patients who were 18 years of age and older. 450 participants were enrolled. A well structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Results: Out of 450 subjects 55.1% were male and 44.9 % were females. The most frequently reported symptoms were chronic cough 380 (84.4%), production of sputum 350 (77.8%). Incidence was found higher in illiterates (53.3 %) and rural dwellers (58.7 %). Conclusion: Majority of respondents had several misconceptions about TB. It is very essential to create proper awareness about its cause, transmission, prevention, and availability of public service.

Keywords: Tuberculosis, knowledge, attitude, practice, cough.


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