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Abstract

A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY TO KNOW THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICES OF PATIENTS OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA IN PULMONARY MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN LUCKNOW, INDIA

Abhay Srivastava*, Babu Hondekar, Dheeraj Singh, Pratap Shankar, Sachin Tutu, Preet Lakhani, Amod Kumar, R. K. Dixit

ABSTRACT

Background: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of airways. According to WHO, asthma is a major health problem. Various advances have been made in the management of asthma but despite this the morbidity and mortality rates are not declining. Many studies have been conducted worldwide to assess the knowledge and beliefs of asthmatic patients. But there is lack of data regarding such issues in India especially in Lucknow. Aim and objectives: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices of asthmatic patients about asthma. Material and methods: A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted among 170 confirmed cases of asthma in pulmonary medicine department of tertiary care hospital of Lucknow, India. Result: The mean age of patients was 26.1 ± 3.5years while the mean duration of illness of patients was 12.2 ± 3.3 years. The ratio of urban to rural population was 2.6: 1. Majority of patients 100 (58.8%) belonged to middle class. 70 % patients were unaware about the etiology of asthma. About 71.2 % patients believed that the disease is fatal. 25.8 % discontinued inhaled therapy due to various reasons. 58.3 % patients have tried some alternative mode of treatment. Conclusion: Despite its wide prevalence there is quite ignorance and misconceptions regarding the asthma. Sincere efforts are required to provide health education to the patients so as to help them in understanding the disease and its management and thus reducing the disease burden.

Keywords: Asthma, allergen, inhalational therapy, metered dose inhaler, knowledge.


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