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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS (CVA) IN OBESE HYPERTENSIVES – IS OBESITY AN ADDED RISK? A PHARMACOEPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

Muthineni Sumavarsha, Tejaswi Veernala*, Manchikalapudi Prudhvi Kumar, Dr.Sanakayala B. Uday Shankar, Nallani Venkata Ramarao

ABSTRACT

Aim: A clinical study to evaluate the prevalence of cerebrovascular accident in obese individuals. Objectives: To document prevalence of CVA in obese hypertensive’s and to evaluate obesity as an individual risk factor for CVA. Methods: A Non-experimental prospective observational study was carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital for a period of six months. A total number of 202 subjects who were inpatients of all age groups with Cerebrovascular accident were included and evaluated. The patient demographics and the case details were collected based on the data collection form designed for the study. Results: Of total 202 CVA subjects, 74 were found to be obese among which the ratio of women is greater than men. The most prevalent co-morbidity along with obesity was found to be hypertension i.e., +38% (28 of 74 obese subjects) followed by Hypertension with Diabetes 28% (21 of 74), Diabetes which is 6% (4 of 74) and only obese subjects were found to be 28% (21 of 74). Conclusion: 36.6% of the total CVA patients were found to be obese and the prevalence of obese hypertensive’s in patients with CVA was found to be 13.8%. The results were indicating that obesity play a key role as an added risk

Keywords: factor in the considered population. Though the findings were showing a new trend, in order to establish them more substantially the study needs to be done on much larger population.


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