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Abstract

GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA LOAD AND MULTIPLE ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE (MAR) PATTERN OF PATHOGENIC BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM COCKROACHES AT HABOUBI HOSPITAL IN THE PROVINCE OF DHI –QAR

*Amany Sh. Jabber, Saad S. Hamim and Sadik Th. Ali, Intidhaar N. Abid

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the bacterial load and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of pathogenic bacteria isolated from the guts and body surfaces of cockroaches in Haboubi Hospital, the province of Dhi Qar. Periplaneta americana collected from hospital were screened for microbial load and antibiotic susceptibility pattern using standard protocols. The identified bacteria isolates and their percentage distribution, It is 152 bacterial isolates the external surfaces of 98 (65%) and guts of 54 (35 %) belonged to the group of Gram-negative bacilli, The distribution of the isolated bacteria includes the highest value to Salmonella .Spp (20) and Proteus mirabilis (19),While the lowest value of Aeromonas .hydrophila /coviae / sobria1 and Raoultella.ornithinolyticae (1). The microbial load were higher in the outer surface (94%) as compared with guts (6%). (p<0.05) Percentage Gram Negative bacterial loads isolated from Cockroaches reached the highest loads to the Serraciae marcescens (11.6%) Followed by Pro.mirabilis (11.2%) while less loads A.hydrophila/coviae/Sobria (0.7%) and Rao.ornithinolyticae (1.1%) . The isolates demonstrated high level resistance to PY (79 %), AMC (73.6%) and CRO(73%) while VA(93.4%) was the most effective of all the antibiotics used. The bacteria isolates have high percentage multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) ranging from(33.3 % - 100%), Citrobacter brakii have the least value of 33.3 %, while the some isolates demonstrated 100 % multiple antibiotic resistance patterns, efforts geared towards controlling the cockroaches will be indispensable in curbing the wide spread of multi-drug resistant pathogens in the study area. These findings suggest cockroaches in Haboubi Hospital as potential vectors of medically important multiple drug-resistant bacteria.

Keywords: bacterial load, multi-drug resistance, hospital, cockroaches.


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