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Neethi Chandra,*Nagendra Prasad.B, Venkatesh P, Sreevidya C, Durga Prasad
T.S, and Ranganayakulu D


BACKGROUND: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards tuberculosis with or without co-morbidities among TB patients in both in-patient and out-patient pulmonology departments. OBJECTIVES:1) To describe the socio demographic profile of study population. 2) To assess knowledge about symptoms, transmission mode and causes of TB. 3) To assess attitude and practices towards Tuberculosis. 4) To identify the determining factors of tuberculosis. METHODOLOGY: Study Site: This study was carried out in outpatient (OP) & inpatient (IP) departments of pulmonology, Sri Venkateswara Ram Narain Ruia Government General Hospital (SVRRGGH), a 1200 bedded multi-disciplinary tertiary care teaching hospital, Tirupathi. Study Design: Descriptive study. Study Duration: 6 months (March 2014 to September 2014) Study Population: 57 patients. Study materials: Informed Consent Form (ICF), Patient Profile Form, Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices (KAP) Questionnaire and Patient Information Leaflet (PIL). RESULTS: Out of 57 tuberculosis patients, 38 (67%) were male and 19 (37%) were female. Males are more affected than females in terms of personal habits and social habits. Out of 57 respondents, 38 (66%) scored “good” in their overall knowledge on TB. 44% of the respondents had acceptable attitudes and practices towards TB. 87% of the respondents knew that TB is a highly-infectious disease, but was curable. The main source of information regarding tuberculosis is obtained from the medical workers 64% and mass media 29%. There was no significant difference in the proportion with good knowledge. CONCLUSION: Structural factors such as social status, literacy, ability or inability to support family and membership of community groups largely influenced the Tuberculosis patient’s awareness, knowledge and practices of important issues.

Keywords: Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP), Questionnaire, Tuberculosis (TB), Descriptive Study.

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