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Abstract

INCIDENCE AND EFFECTS OF LIFE STYLE FACTORS IN PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN TAMILNADU

Neethu Ros Tom*, Hanna Alexander, Swethalekshmi V., Greeshma Hanna Varghese, T. R. Ashok Kumar, T. Sivakumar

ABSTRACT

Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) is defined as the recurrence of psychological and physical symptoms in the luteal phase, which remit in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. The incidence of severe PMS or PMDD (Pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder) appears to be 5 to 8%. The study was taken up to know incidence of PMS within the reproductive age and to describe the correlation of PMS symptoms with BMI, physical activity, calcium intake and nutritional status. The incidence of the PMDD was found to be 11.62% and PMS was found to be 38.75%. Abdominal pain (82.17%), mood swing (62.01%) and breast tenderness (45.73%) were significantly more in young women. The mean body mass index of the study participants were 22.25(1.82) and mean age was 21.85 years which was significantly related with PMS. Participants taking calcium regularly were 8 those shows positive correlation in reduction of PMS and 29 were reported with positive family history of premenstrual syndrome. participants were taking analgesics followed by antispasmodic 19.37%, anti-diarrhoeal 1.55% ,antacid 3.10% ,laxative 0.77%,The common non pharmacological treatment used were hot drinks 3.87% ,massage therapy 1.55%, exercise and others 17.05%. Lack of nutritional supply and calcium intake increases the incidence of PMS. In conclusion the PMS has a negative impact on women’s quality of life, hence necessary awareness and education by healthcare professionals can improve the recognition and management of these common conditions by providing patient education on premenstrual symptoms and counselling women on lifestyle interventions and pharmacotherapy to relieve their discomfort.

Keywords: Premenstrual syndrome, Pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder.


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