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Abstract

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOME PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MANGIFERA INDICA L. FROM KULFO AREAS AT ARBA MINCH SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Merga Hailemariam Urgesa, Alemu Mekonnen Tura* and Tewodros Birhanu

ABSTRACT

Two varieties of Mangoes (Mangifera indica) namely; Fringe (Big seeded) and Abash (Small seeded) collected within kulfo garden area. The objectives of this project are to compare and analyze the nutritional and anti-nutritional contents that are present in the some varieties of mango (Mangifera Indica L.) around kulfo garden areas and to compare the nutritional and anti-nutritional properties of mangifera indica in two samples with each other. Analysis of the nutritional and anti-nutritional contents of the two varieties of Mangoes was investigated for their protein, fat, ash and dry matter contents. Similarly, mineral elements like Ca2+ and Mg2+contents were also determined. Vitamin C and the anti-nutritive characteristic (oxalate and phytate) of two mangifera indica L. were assessed. The result in table 2 shows percentage composition of ash, dry matter and nutritive contents of the two varieties of mango. Our finding also revealed that the Mg, Ca, fat and vitamin C contents of small seeded (Abash) fruit has the highest percentage composition values of 16.98 mg/100g, 9.49mg/100g, 0.47% and 0.0075M respectively. The big seeded (Fringe) mango variety has the lowest values for Mg, Ca, fat and vitamin C at 16.13 mg/100g, 9.19 mg/100g, 0.43% and 0.0043M respectively. But, abash mango fruit (small seeded) variety has the greater value for protein than that of Fringe (Big seeded) 0.62%. The abash variety is most recommended for human consumption because of its high Magnesium, fat, vitamin C and calcium contents.

Keywords: Mangifera indica L., Abash, Fringe, Soxhlet extractor.


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