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Abstract

ENHANCEMENT OF DISSOLUTION RATE AND SOLUBILITY OF LOSARTAN POTASSIUM BY USING SOLID DISPERSION METHOD β-CYCLODEXTRIN AS CARRIER

Dr. M. Sunitha Reddy*, CH.Soujanya, MD. Fazal ul Haq

ABSTRACT

In the present study an attempt was made to increase the therapeutic effectiveness of losartan potassium,by increasing the solubility and dissolution rate via solid dispersion using β-cyclodextrin as carrier. Losartan potassium is an Antihypertensive agent but failed to show good therapeutic effect. Eight solid dispersion formulations of losartan potassium were prepared by using different drug:polymer ratios viz.1:2,1:2,1:3,1:4 by novel methods like Hot melt extrusion,Lyophilization.prepared solid dispersions were evaluated. The blend of all the formulations showed good flow properties such as angle of repose, bulk density, tapped density. All the solid dispersion formulations were compressed into orodispersible tablets with weight equivalent to losartan potassium of 25mg by direct compression method using 6mm punch on 8 station rotary tablet punching machine. The prepared tablets were evaluated for its hardness, disintegration, weight variation, friability and invitro dissolution studies.The Infra Red spectra revealed that there is no incompatability between the drug and excipients. The prepared tablets were shown good post compression parameters and they passed all the quality control evaluation parameters as per I.P limits. Among all the formulations F4 and F8 formulations showed maximum % drug release i.e.93.83%(Lyophilization), 97.10%(Hot melt extrusion method) within 45min.these are compared with pure drug which shows %drug release58.67%. The optimized formulations were subjected to different kinetic models.the formulations were found to follow zero order release. optimized formulations Were subjected to Accelerated stability study for 3 months according to ICH guidelines.The results found to satisfactory. Considering all evaluation parameters and % drug release F8 formulation shown better % drug release compared with F4 formulation. hence F8 formulation considered as optimised formulation.

Keywords: Losartan potassium, ?-cyclodextrin, solid dispersion, Lyophilization, Hot melt extrusion. FTIR.


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