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Abstract

KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS OF HOSPITAL PHARMACIST TOWARD PHARMACEUTICAL CARE IN KHARTOUM STATE

Amro Hashim Mohammed* and Mohammed Elhassan Shayoub

ABSTRACT

Background: The philosophy of pharmaceutical care has been
accepted worldwide, as the primary mission of pharmacy;
pharmaceutical care mandates that practitioners not only dispense
medications, but also assume responsibility for improving the quality
of patients' outcomes. Design: This is a descriptive cross-sectional
survey research by questionnaire. Objectives: The aim of the study is
to describe the current pharmacy practice in hospitals in Khartoum
state at Sudan, explore the knowledge and awareness of hospital
pharmacists to implement pharmaceutical care practice. Method: A
questionnaire was designed to explore the hospital pharmacist’s understanding, knowledge
and their perceptions on the philosophy of pharmaceutical care, barriers and also the current
pharmacy practice. The cross-sectional study was conducted, which involve exploring and
collecting data from hospital pharmacists in Khartoum state using the self-administered
questionnaire approach. The mode of data collection chosen was a self- administered
questionnaire. In a sample of 115 hospital pharmacists from a hospitals in Khartoum state.
The data was collected and analyzed using the SPSS ver.16 (Statistical Package for the Social
Sciences). Result: The respondent demographic Characteristic were collected and analyzed.
The median age were found to be 25 years old, 77% are female, 41.7% had experience less
than 2 years. Related to the knowledge and awareness of the hospital pharmacist among
respondent using one sample t-test a total mark of scale was 30, a mean was compared to the
value 18 there is significant deferent. Conclusion: The current practice of hospital
pharmacists in Sudan needs further improvement. Knowledge and awareness is low about
pharmaceutical care, continuous education programs would be an important approach for improving pharmacists’ knowledge of pharmaceutical care, identifying and realizing the role of pharmacists in the management of different diseases.

Keywords: Hospital pharmacists, Current roles, Pharmaceutical care, Khartoum.


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