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Abstract

WILLINGNESS OF HOSPITAL PHARMACISTS TO IMPLEMENT PHARMACEUTICAL CARE PRACTICE, AND THE BARRIERS THAT MAY LIMIT ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN KHARTOUM STATE

Amro Hashim Mohammed* and Mohammed Elhassan Shayoub

ABSTRACT

Background: The concept of pharmaceutical care is capturing the attention of a growing number of practitioners. There are urgent needs to clarify a number of issues that shape and direct the implementation of pharmaceutical care, as pharmaceutical care is the crucial philosophy and mission of pharmacy practice. Design: This is a descriptive cross-sectional survey research by questionnaire. Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify Hospital pharmacist’s willingness to implement pharmaceutical care practice and identify the barriers that may limit its implementation. Method: A questionnaire was designed to explore the hospital pharmacist’s willingness to implementation of pharmaceutical care and barriers to its provision. The cross-sectional study was conducted, which involve exploring and collecting data from hospital pharmacists in Khartoum state using the self-administered questionnaire approach. The mode of data collection chosen was a self-administered questionnaire. In a sample of 115 hospital pharmacists from a hospitals in Khartoum State the data was collected and analyzed using the SPSS ver.16 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). Result: The respondent demographic characteristic were collected and analyzed. The median age were found to be 25 years old, 77% are female, 41.7% had experience less than 2 years. Hospital pharmacist respondent’s expressed their willingness to implement pharmaceutical care. Respondents listed the major barriers to conduct pharmaceutical care practice as follows: “lack of time; time consuming to collect and report data; pharmacist lack knowledge related to disease state; pharmacist clinical skills is not up to work; poor pharmacist – patient communication; poor pharmacist communication with other health care providers; lack of a clear definition of pharmaceutical care for which reimbursement is sought; lack of economic incentives and reimbursement for providing pharmaceutical care; lack of support by physician and other health professional; no standard guidelines for pharmaceutical care practicing; insufficient physical space and lack of information technology support for data collection and documentation“ Conclusion: The current practice of hospital pharmacists in Sudan needs further improvement. Most of respondent have shown good willingness toward implementation of pharmaceutical care services. Continuing education programs would be an important approach for improving pharmacists’ identifying and realizing the role of pharmacists in the management of different diseases. Also working with collaboration with ministry of health to put a guideline or standard for implementation of pharmaceutical care service.

Keywords: Hospital pharmacists, Pharmaceutical care, Implementation, barriers Khartoum.


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