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Abstract

STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF DIABETES IN HATHRAS DISTRICT (U.P.)

Pramod Kumar, Brijesh Sharma* and Deepanshu Sharma

ABSTRACT

In the last few years there has been a marked increase in incidence of diabetes in India. Repeated epidemiological studies of diabetes in different parts of the country are required in order to control this disease. The present study was designed with the objective to determine age-wise & gender-wise prevalence of diabetes in the population of Hathras district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Adults of both genders in the age groups of 20-30, 30-40, 40-50, 50-60, 60-70 years were included in the study. The blood glucose was determined by GOD-POD method at JRC Pathology laboratory. A total of 111 subjects were examined. The overall prevalence of diabetes in Hathras district population was detected to be 45.9%. Male population of Hathras district was found to have higher incidence (58.7%) of diabetes than females (36.9%). The results further indicated that within males, the prevalence of diabetes was highest in the age group of 50-60 years (75%) followed by 40-50 years (62.5%), 30-40 years (54.5%), 20-30 years (50%) & 60-70 years (40%), respectively. In case of females the highest cases of diabetes were found out to be in 60-70 years age group (60%) followed by 30-40 years (50%), 50-60 years (35.2%), 20-30 years (33.3%) & 40-50 years (17.6%), respectively. However, it is a preliminary report & further cross-sectional study including more variables & large sample size is required in order to determine the exact prevalence of diabetes in Hathras population.

Keywords: Cross-sectional, epidemiological, GOD-POD, prevalence, subjects.


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