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Abstract

PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON ROLE OF INHALERS AND ASTHMA EDUCATION IN PREVENTION OF REPEATED EMERGENCYVISITS

*Dr. D. Giri Raja Sekhar, Dr. M. Sureswara Reddy, M G Poornima,
V. Vinod Kumar, Dr. C. Gopinath, G. Suresh

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aims at assessing the role of inhalers and asthma education in prevention of repeated emergency visits. Methods: It is a prospective observational study done for six months. Data was gathered on the basis of questionnaire and interview. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed to analyze the results. Results and discussion: Among 160 subjects 87(54.375%) were knowledgeable & 73(45.625%) were not knowledgeable before providing patient education. After educating to the not knowledgeable group (73) the same questionnaire was re administered and 46(28.75%) patients were found to be knowledgeable. 98(61.25%) & 62(38.75%) were in improper inhaler use before providing patient education (p<0.0001). After educating the improper inhaler use group 62(38.75) 47(29.375%) patients were found to be using their inhaler correctly (p<0.0001) and also assessed the number emergency visits before and after education and after intervention were 98 that states the reduction in emergency visits was reduced by 38%. Conclusion: Poor knowledge and improper asthma inhaler device use are associated with poor asthma control and more frequent Emergency Department (ED) visits. We also identified characteristic factors leading patients to visit the ED.

Keywords: Asthma education, Inhaler technique, Inhaler devices, Emergency Department visits.


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