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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN FENTALE DISTRICT, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Tilahun Bogale Moreda*, Vijayalakshmi Muvva, Gobena Ameni and Krishna Naragani

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to generate preliminary epidemiological information on Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and mainly aimed for determining the prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis among patients visiting Merti Hospital in Fentale district, Eastern Ethiopia. It was conducted between July, 2014 and August, 2015. Three consecutive sputum samples (spot, morning, spot) were collected from each patient and tested by Ziehl–Neelsen staining (ZN staining). After ZN testing the remaining sputum was kept in refrigerator at 40C until transported to Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University to culture on Lowenstein Jensen medium. A total of 390 new PTB suspected or diagnosed as PTB patients including 227 men and 163 women of the age group from 10 to 90 years belong to different ethnic groups participated. Out of 390 participants, 89 individuals (50 men and 39 women) were found to be positive to PTB. Individuals of the age group 16-30 years were mostly culture positive to PTB.

Keywords: Prevalence, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Ethiopia.


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