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Abstract

A STUDY ON EVALUATION, ASSESSMENT AND AWARENESS OF POSSIBLE RISK FACTORS AND ITS APPROPRIATE TREATMENT OF STROKE PATIENTS USING NIHSS SCALE

Pragathi Pharmd*

ABSTRACT

1.1 INTRODUCTION: There are chiefly two types of strokes – Ischemic and Hemorrhagic. Apart from these two TIA and subarachnoid forms are taken into consideration in our study. 1.2METHODOLOGY: This is a prospective, observational, and interventional study which being focussed on stoke patients. Using standard NIHSS scale a prospective study is being carried out to determine the risk factors in both in-patients and out-patients and using counselling sessions and community services they were interviewed by telephone then visited for noting the therapeutic outcome. 1.3RESULTS: A total of 97 cases of stroke were collected of which 66were males and 31 females, average stroke cases are found more in age group of 50yrs and above. Ischemic stroke was reported more in smokers (16), tobacco chewers (7), alcoholics (27), HTN (23), DM (6), and Dyslipidemia (42) patients followed by other types. According to NIHSS severity of score 3% (3)falls into >20 severe category with 3males followed by 21.6%(21) are moderate to severe(16-20) with 12males and 9 females, about 57.7%(56cases) were moderate(5-15) scoring with 40males and15 females, followed by 17.5%(17 cases) of 20) stroke(3cases). 1.4 CONCLUSION: There is a significant improvement in patient condition from moderate to severe ranking to moderate ranking. The study concludes that the proper awareness on stroke reoccurrence and a detailed knowledge on stroke can decrease the incidence of recurrent attack.

Keywords: Stroke, NIHSS ranking, Smokers, Alcoholics, HTN, DM, Dyslipidemics.


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